Periodontics is dental specialization in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease, or gum disease as it is more commonly called. Periodontal treatments improve and protect the health and integrity of gums. Treatments include root planing and scaling, gum grafting, and laser gum surgery. Osseous surgery, which replaces lost gum and bone tissues is another procedure often performed by a periodontist.
In office periodontal treatments may include tartar removal, which is also called scaling or root planning and aim to improve the health of gums. The dentist or hygienist uses special tools to remove tartar by scraping away the build up that grows on teeth both above and below the gum line. If the patient has advanced or severe periodontal disease, surgical treatment may be necessary to remove the decay and restore oral health. A variety of surgical treatments may be used to improve the patient’s periodontal health. The dentist could perform bone and soft tissue grafts to strengthen the jaw and gums. Flap surgery is another option where the gums are lifted back and the tartar removed. The dentist could also perform guided tissue regeneration where the regrowth of gum and bone tissue is guided with mesh-like fabric to encourage stronger tissue to form. Dr. Zamora will take every action to ensure you are as comfortable as possible. Your dentist may also suggest behavior changes including ensuring thorough brushing, flossing, the use of specialized toothpastes and mouthwashes, quitting smoking, and not consuming sugary drinks like soda.
The number one reason for the development of periodontal disease is poor dental hygiene. The bacteria that causes plaque and tartar to develop thrives in the vulnerable area where the teeth meet the gums. If teeth are not effectively cleaned and cared for with daily brushing and flossing, combined with biannual dental visits, the plaque will develop and if not removed it can harden into tartar. Tartar build up makes it even more difficult to keep teeth clean, and then not even regular brushing will stop the bacteria from accumulating and eating away at the tooth enamel and gums. The bacteria and the toxins released just makes the mouth more susceptible to further growth which enables periodontal health to deteriorate quickly. Without treatment, disease and decay can eventually reach the root of the tooth, which can cause the tooth to become loose or fall out.
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